The 2011 Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) Program includes four components:
- California Standards Tests
- California Modified Assessment
- California Alternate Performance Assessment
- Standards-based Tests in Spanish
California Standards Tests (CSTs)
The CSTs for English–language arts (ELA), mathematics, science, and history–social science are administered only to students in California public schools. Except for a writing component that is administered as part of the grades four and seven ELA tests, all questions are multiple-choice. These tests were developed specifically to assess students' knowledge of the California content standards. The State Board of Education adopted these standards, which specify what all children in California are expected to know and be able to do in each grade or course. The 2011 CSTs were required for students who were enrolled in the following grades/courses at the time of testing or who had completed a course during the 2010–11 school year, including 2010 summer school.
CST scores are used for calculating each school's Academic Performance Index (API) and Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). Information about the API and AYP is posted on the California Department of Education Accountability Progress Reporting Web page at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/ac/ar/index.asp.
For further information about the CST scores, go to Term and Score Explanations.
The California ELA Standards Tests were administered by grade to students in grades two through eleven.
Grades two and three:
- 65 multiple-choice questions
Grades four through eleven:
- 75 multiple-choice questions
- Additional 8 points for the writing test in grades four and seven
Students in grades two through six were administered the appropriate grade-level California Mathematics Standards Test.
Students in grade seven took either the grade seven math test or the Algebra I test.
Mathematics tests for grades eight through eleven included:
- General Mathematics (grades eight and nine only)
- Algebra I
- Algebra II
- Integrated Mathematics 1
- Integrated Mathematics 2
- Integrated Mathematics 3
- Summative High School Mathematics (grades nine through eleven only)
The California Science Standards Tests were administered by grade to students in grades five, eight, and ten.
- Grade five—Covers grades four and five science content standards
- Grade eight—Covers grade eight science content standards
- Grade ten (CST for Life Science)—Covers middle school life science and high school biology content standards
Students in grades nine through eleven who completed a standards-based science course took one of the following CSTs:
- Earth Science
- Integrated/Coordinated Science 1
- Integrated/Coordinated Science 2
- Integrated/Coordinated Science 3
- Integrated/Coordinated Science 4
Students in grade ten who completed a standards-based science course took one of the tests listed above in addition to taking the CST for Life Science (Grade 10).All California Science Standards Tests have 60 multiple-choice questions.
The CSTs for History–Social Science were administered by grade to students in grades eight and eleven. These tests are:
CST for History–Social Science (Grade 8), 75 multiple-choice questions.
This is a cumulative test of standards from:
- grade six (World History and Geography: Ancient-Civilizations);
- grade seven (World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times); and
- grade eight (U.S. History and Geography: Growth and Conflict).
CST for U.S. History (Grade 11), 60 multiple-choice questions.
This is a test of standards from grade eleven (U.S. History and Geography: Continuity and Change in the Twentieth Century).
Students in grades nine through eleven who completed a standards-based world history course took the following test.
CST for World History, 60 multiple-choice questions.
This is a test of standards from grade ten (World History, Culture and Geography: The Modern World).
California Modified Assessment (CMA)
The CMA was administered to eligible students in grades three through eleven. The CMA is a standards-based test for students with an individualized education program who meet the eligibility criteria adopted by the State Board of Education. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 calls for a range of assessments appropriate to students' abilities. The CMA provides an appropriate assessment for a small percentage of students allowing them to demonstrate their knowledge of skills in the California academic content standards for ELA (grades three through eleven), mathematics (grades three through seven, Algebra I for eligible students in grades seven through eleven, and geometry for eligible students in grades eight through eleven), and science (grades five, eight, and ten only). Eligible students may take either the CST or the CMA in a subject area. For example, a student in grade five may take the CST for ELA and take the CMA for mathematics and science. Scale scores and performance levels are available only for CMA results for ELA for grades three through nine, mathematics for grades three through seven and Algebra I, and science for grades five, eight and ten in 2011. For 2011, CMA results are reported as percent correct for ELA for grades ten and eleven, and geometry. Scale scores and performance levels will be available for those subjects and grades beginning in 2012.
California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA)
Students with significant cognitive disabilities who are unable to take the CSTs
even with modifications participated in the STAR Program by taking the CAPA.
The CAPA is an individually administered performance assessment with all tasks linked to the
California ELA, mathematics, and science content standards.
The CAPA is organized into five levels, representing specific grade spans. Most students eligible for the CAPA take the level corresponding to their enrollment grade.
- Students in grades two through eleven (students with the most significant cognitive disabilities)
- Students in grades two and three
- Students in grades four and five
- Students in grades six through eight
- Students in grades nine through eleven
Standards-based Tests in Spanish (STS)
The STS consists of multiple-choice tests in Spanish that assess reading/language arts in grades two through eleven, and mathematics (grades two through seven, Algebra I for eligible students in grades seven through eleven, and geometry for eligible students in grades eight through eleven). The Spanish-speaking English learners (ELs) in grades two through eleven who either were receiving instruction in Spanish or had been enrolled in school in the United States for less than 12 months when testing began were required to take the STS in addition to taking the CST and/or CMA. School districts had the option of administering the STS to Spanish-speaking ELs who had been enrolled in school in the United States for 12 months or more and were not receiving instruction in Spanish.